Skip to content

Can You Have Capybara as a Pet?

If you’re looking for a unique and exotic pet, you may have come across the capybara. These adorable creatures, native to South America, are the largest rodents in the world and have recently gained popularity as an unusual pet choice. However, before considering getting a capybara as a pet, there are several things you should know.

Firstly, it’s important to note that capybaras are not legal to own in all states or countries. Some states require a special permit, while others have outright bans on owning these animals. It’s crucial to research your local laws and regulations before purchasing a capybara as a pet.

Additionally, while capybaras can form strong bonds with their owners and be affectionate, they require a lot of care and attention. They are social animals that need a lot of space to roam and access to water for swimming. Regular veterinary care, a specialized diet, and appropriate socialization with other animals are also important aspects of capybara care.

Things to Consider Before Getting a Capybara as a Pet

Before deciding to get a capybara as a pet, there are several things you should consider. As an expert who has worked with these animals for years, I’d like to share some important information that will help you understand the responsibility that comes with owning a capybara.

Laws and Regulations

The first thing you should know is that capybaras are not legal to own as pets in all states and countries. Before even considering getting a capybara, you should research the laws and regulations in your area. Make sure you are legally allowed to own a capybara and that you have any necessary permits or licenses.

Space Requirements

Capybaras are large animals, they typically weigh between 70-140 pounds and can be up to 4 feet long. This means that they require a lot of space to thrive. Capybaras need a large enclosure, preferably a grassy area with access to water to swim in. They are social animals and should always have at least one other capybara to live with.

Diet Requirements

Capybaras have strict dietary requirements and a diet that does not meet their needs can cause serious health problems. Their diet should mainly consist of hay, vegetables, and fruit. Additionally, they require a source of Vitamin C as they cannot produce it on their own.

Medical Care

Capybaras require regular medical checkups, vaccinations, and routine care from a veterinarian who specializes in exotic animals. The cost of owning a capybara can be high, especially in case of illness or injury.


Capybaras have a lifespan of up to eight years, and that’s a significant time commitment. Owning a capybara is a long-term responsibility, and you need to be sure that you’re ready to commit the time, effort, and money necessary to provide care for it throughout its entire life.

In conclusion, owning a capybara is not something to be taken lightly. They’re unique and fascinating animals, but they require specialized care and attention. If after careful consideration, you still believe having a capybara as a pet is right for you, you can be sure that it will bring joy and companionship into your life.

Capybara’s Diet and Nutrition Requirements

As a pet, capybaras require a specific diet to thrive and stay healthy. It is important to note that their dietary needs may vary depending on age, activity level, and overall health.

What do capybaras eat?

Capybaras are herbivores, which means they only consume plant-based foods. In the wild, their diet consists of grasses, aquatic plants, fruits, and bark from trees. As a pet, their diet should be primarily composed of grasses and high-fiber hay, such as Timothy hay. Fresh vegetables should also be included in their diet, with a focus on leafy greens and root vegetables.

What should be avoided when feeding capybaras?

Capybaras have specific dietary needs that should be met to prevent any health issues. Foods high in sugar or fat, as well as those low in fiber, should be avoided. Capybaras are also sensitive to medications, so owners must not administer any medication without first consulting with a veterinarian.

How much should capybaras eat?

Capybaras require a significant amount of food because of their large size. On average, adult capybaras should consume between 6 and 8% of their body weight in food each day. Seed mixes marketed as capybara food may not have the required nutrition that capybaras need, and therefore, owners should consider buying food specifically formulated for them.

What nutritional supplements should be provided to capybaras?

Capybaras need Vitamin C supplements to maintain good health. These supplements should be given daily as their bodies cannot produce their own Vitamin C. Additionally, capybaras need ample amounts of fresh water made available to them daily. Ensure to add salt blocks to their enclosures, as capybaras require a lot of sodium for proper functioning.

It is important to provide well-balanced food options and monitor the capybara’s feces to ensure their digestive system is functioning properly. Any dietary changes must be made gradually so that the animal can adjust easily. A healthy and balanced diet will promote longevity and overall health in capybaras.

Housing and Environment for Capybaras

Before deciding to keep a capybara as a pet, it’s important to consider the unique housing and environmental needs of these animals. Capybaras are semi-aquatic, herbivorous rodents native to South America that can weigh up to 140 pounds.

Here are some important factors to keep in mind when setting up a living space for your capybara:

  • Indoor and outdoor areas: Capybaras need both indoor and outdoor living areas to maintain their physical and mental health. Indoor areas should be large and spacious, with access to water and shelter. Outdoor spaces should include a swimming area, as capybaras love to swim, as well as a grassy area for grazing.
  • Temperature and humidity: Capybaras are most comfortable in temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit and high humidity levels. In colder climates, it’s important to provide a heated area for your capybara to stay warm.
  • Fencing: Capybaras are excellent swimmers and jumpers, so it’s important to have strong and high fencing around the outdoor area to prevent escape. A fence with a minimum height of four feet is recommended.
  • Water source: Capybaras require a clean and spacious water source to swim in and drink from. The water should be changed frequently and kept at a consistent temperature.
  • Grazing area: Capybaras are herbivores and require a grassy area to graze on. The grazing area should be large enough to provide a significant portion of their diet and be regularly replenished.
  • Enrichment: Capybaras are social animals and require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide them with toys, puzzles, and objects to interact with.

Overall, creating a suitable housing and environment for a capybara as a pet requires careful planning and attention to their unique needs. It’s important to do thorough research and consult with a veterinarian before making the decision to bring a capybara into your home.

Grooming and Hygiene for Capybaras

As a responsible Capybara owner, it’s important to maintain their grooming and hygiene regularly. Proper grooming not only enhances their appearance but also prevents the build-up of bacteria and parasites that can cause illnesses. Here are important things to consider for the grooming and hygiene of your Capybara:

Brush Their Fur

Regular grooming is key to maintaining healthy fur, and Capybaras need to be brushed regularly. Their fur can become tangled and matted, which can lead to skin irritation and infections. Using a soft-bristled brush, gently comb through their fur, starting at their head and working your way down to their tail. This helps prevent tangles and mats.

Trim Their Nails

Capybaras have sharp nails that can cause injury to themselves or others. As an owner, it’s essential to trim their nails regularly to prevent them from becoming too long. Keep in mind that Capybaras have a blood vessel in their nails called a “quick”, so be careful not to cut it. If you are inexperienced or uncomfortable with nail trimming, consult a veterinarian.

Bathe Them Occasionally

Capybaras enjoy water and often bathe themselves in ponds, but as their owner, it’s recommended to give them baths occasionally. You can use warm water and a mild shampoo made for small animals. Be sure to rinse all the shampoo out and dry them off with a towel or let them air dry. Do not expose them to cold temperatures as Capybaras are sensitive to low temperatures.

Clean Their Living Area

Regular cleaning of their living area is important for maintaining good hygiene. Capybaras often have a communal living area, and it’s necessary to clean it daily to prevent the build-up of bacteria and parasites. Remove uneaten food, feces, and any other debris from their living area daily.

In conclusion, Capybaras require regular grooming and hygiene to maintain their physical health and appearance. Brushing their fur, trimming their nails, occasional bathing, and regular cleaning of their living area are all essential in keeping their hygiene in peak condition. As a Capybara owner, be sure to prioritize their grooming and hygiene to ensure a happy and healthy pet.

Socialization and Interaction with Capybaras

When it comes to keeping a Capybara as a pet, socialization is extremely important. Capybaras are social animals by nature, and they enjoy interacting with humans as well as other animals. Here are some things to keep in mind when socializing with a Capybara:

  • Start socializing early: The earlier you start socializing with your Capybara, the better.

    Potential Health Issues and Veterinary Care for Capybaras

As with any pet, capybaras are not without their potential health issues. It’s important to be aware of the most common issues and how to care for your capybara to prevent such issues from arising.

Dental Health

Capybaras are prone to dental issues, particularly malocclusion which occurs when their teeth become misaligned. It’s essential to monitor their dental health and provide appropriately hard foods for them to chew to wear down their teeth.


Due to their herbivorous diet, capybaras can easily become overweight. It’s essential to ensure they receive a balanced and appropriate diet and adequate exercise to prevent obesity-related health issues.

Parasites and Diseases

Like all animals, capybaras can contract parasites and diseases such as ticks, mites, and bacterial infections. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventative medications can help prevent such issues from arising.


Capybaras are native to South America and are better suited to warmer climates. However, in the heat of summer, capybaras can still suffer from heatstroke. It’s essential to provide them with adequate shade, ventilation, and hydration in hot weather.

Veterinary Care

Finding a veterinarian that specializes in exotic animals can be challenging, but it’s essential to ensure your capybara receives appropriate care. Regular check-ups, vaccinations, and preventative treatments can help prevent many health issues from arising and ensure your capybara lives a happy and healthy life.


As with any pet, there are potential health issues to be aware of when caring for a capybara. Ensuring they receive a balanced diet, appropriate exercise, regular veterinary care, and adequate shade and hydration can help prevent most health issues from arising. By taking the time to care for your capybara properly, you can enjoy their unique and lovable personality for years to come.

Legal Considerations of Owning a Capybara as a Pet

In some states and countries, owning a capybara as a pet is legal, while in others it is illegal or strictly regulated. It is important to check the laws and regulations in your local area before purchasing or adopting a capybara.

Here are some general legal considerations of owning a capybara as a pet:

  • Permits and Licenses: Some states or countries require permits and licenses to keep exotic pets, including capybaras. These permits and licenses may have specific requirements and fees that must be met, such as a minimum enclosure size, vaccinations, and microchipping.
  • Zoning Laws: Even if owning a capybara is legal in your state, there may be zoning laws that prohibit you from keeping one in certain residential areas or settings. It is important to check the zoning ordinances before bringing a capybara to your home.
  • Liability: As with any pet, capybaras have the potential to cause injury or damage to property. It is important to consider liability insurance and take necessary precautions to prevent accidents or incidents from occurring.
  • Transportation Restrictions: Some states or countries have restrictions on transporting capybaras across state or international borders, making it difficult to move with your pet or take them on a trip.

It is highly recommended that you seek advice from professionals and organizations that specialize in capybara ownership and care to ensure that you are complying with all legal requirements and giving your pet the appropriate care and environment it needs.

Capybaras are social animals that require a lot of space and attention, as well as a specialized diet and environment. Before deciding to bring one into your home as a pet, it is important to understand and consider all aspects of capybara ownership, including the legal and ethical implications.

Training and Behavioral Issues of Capybaras as a Pet

Capybaras are fascinating animals that can make great pets for the right person. However, like all pets, they require proper training and socialization to ensure that they develop good behavior and become well-adjusted members of the household. Here are some important factors to consider when training and managing the behavior of capybaras as pets:


Capybaras are social animals and thrive in groups. Therefore, it’s important to socialize them with other capybaras, as well as other household pets, from a young age. This will help them learn appropriate social behavior and reduce the risk of aggression towards other animals or humans.


Capybaras can be housetrained, but it requires patience and consistency. They are intelligent animals and can learn to use a litter box or designated potty area. However, accidents can still happen, particularly during the early stages of training.

Chewing and Gnawing

Capybaras have strong teeth and jaws, which they use to chew on almost anything they can get their teeth on. This behavior can be problematic when it comes to woodwork, furniture or any other household items that can be damaged. To avoid this, make sure to provide plenty of chew toys and don’t leave them unsupervised in areas with chewable items.

Separation Anxiety

Capybaras can suffer from separation anxiety if they become too attached to their owners. They may become distressed if left alone for long periods of time and may also show destructive behavior as a result. To minimize this, it’s crucial to gradually increase the time that they spend alone and make sure to provide plenty of mental stimulation and physical exercise.


Capybaras are vocal animals and can make a variety of sounds, including barks, whistles, and grunts. They use these vocalizations to communicate with other capybaras in their group, as well as to show affection to their owners. Understanding their vocalizations can help you recognize their needs and emotions.

In conclusion, capybaras can make excellent and loving pets if they are trained and socialized correctly. Providing them with plenty of mental stimulation, social interaction, and housetraining will go a long way in ensuring a happy and well-behaved pet.

Capybaras and Other Pets in the Household

Capybaras are very social animals and can make great companions for humans, but what about other pets living in the same household? Here are a few things to consider before introducing a capybara to your furry family:

  • Dogs: Generally, capybaras get along well with dogs, especially if they are introduced at a young age. However, it’s important to always supervise their interactions, especially during playtime, as dogs can be rough and accidentally hurt a capybara. Keep in mind that some dog breeds, like hunting dogs, may have a stronger prey drive and may not be a good match for a capybara.
  • Cats: Capybaras and cats can coexist peacefully, but it’s important that they are introduced gradually and in a controlled environment. Make sure your cat is not aggressive towards the capybara or see them as prey. Capybaras may also be curious about cats and may try to follow them around, which can cause stress for the cat.
  • Rodents and Small Mammals: Capybaras can get along well with other rodents and small mammals, like guinea pigs or rabbits. However, it’s important that they have adequate space and separate areas to avoid territorial aggression. Capybaras are generally larger than other rodents and may accidentally harm them during playtime.
  • Reptiles and Birds: Capybaras may view reptiles and birds as prey, so it’s not recommended to keep them together. It’s better to keep them in separate areas to avoid any potential accidents.

In conclusion, introducing a capybara to other pets in the household requires careful consideration and planning. While capybaras can get along with many different animals, it’s important to supervise their interactions and make sure they have enough space and separate areas to avoid any potential conflicts or accidents.


Owning a capybara as a pet can be a rewarding experience, but it’s not for everyone. Here are a few takeaways from my research:

  • Capybaras are social animals and require lots of attention and interaction with their owners.
  • They need ample space to roam and explore, preferably in a large outdoor enclosure with access to water.
  • Capybaras have specific dietary needs that require fresh vegetables, fruits, and hay, and they need regular access to clean water.
  • While capybaras are generally docile and friendly, they can become aggressive if they feel threatened or stressed. It’s important to handle them gently and avoid situations that may cause them to feel anxious.
  • In most states, it is legal to own a capybara as a pet, but it’s important to research local laws and regulations before bringing one home.

In summary, owning a capybara as a pet requires a serious commitment of time, space, and resources, but can be a rewarding experience for those who are up for the challenge.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *